Storia – History

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Oltre vent’anni di guerra civile e di distruzione sistematica, hanno fatto cadere nell’oblio la storia e la memoria della Somali Airlines, una delle più interessanti ed affascinanti iniziative africane nel settore del trasporto aereo. Gli archivi della compagnia sono andati ormai definitivamente distrutti da tempo, ed in quella che un tempo fu la sede del vettore a Mogadiscio, oggi vivono decine di sfollati e senza tetto. La gran parte del personale di volo e di quello amministrativo è espatriato o morto nel sanguinoso conflitto che ha insanguinato la Somalia a partire dal 1991, e con loro si sono perdute la maggior parte delle informazioni sulla compagnia.

Un lavoro di ricerca paziente e sistematico ha permesso di ricostruire i principali elementi della storia della Somali Airlines, di censirne la flotta e di tracciarne un breve profilo storico ed operativo. Perché non venga dimenticata la storia di questa compagnia, e perché l’oblio dopo vent’anni di guerra non ne cancelli definitamente ogni traccia.

More than twenty years of civil war and systematic destruction, have dropped the history and memory of Somali Airlines, one of the most interesting and fascinating African initiatives in the field of air transport into oblivion. The archives of the company are definitively gone, destroyed by the war, and where it had its headquarters in Mogadishu, today live dozens of displaced and homeless.

Most of the flight and the administrative crew had expatriated, or died in the bloody conflict that engulfed Somalia since 1991. And with them we have lost most of the information on the company and its history. With this patient and systematic work of research, the main elements of the history of Somali Airlines have been reconstructed, its fleet catalogued, to sketch a brief historical and operational profile of the airline, in order to remember the history of this company, and to avoid the risk of an oblivion which would have been inevitable after twenty years of civil war.

 

 

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La Somali Airlines venne costituita il 9 marzo del 1964 a Mogadiscio, in partnership con Alitalia. Le prime rotte furono domestiche, mentre il primo collegamento internazionale venne inaugurato nel marzo del 1965.

Intorno alla fine degli anni ’60 vennero progressivamente introdotti nella flotta i Vickers Viscount, permettendo un significativo incremento delle attività.

Nel 1970 iniziò un programma di ampliamento della rete dei collegamenti, con l’attivazione dei voli per Roma e Londra, via Il Cairo, e nel 1974 si aggiunsero i voli per Francoforte, Jeddah e Djibouti. Si aggiunsero poi i voli per Muscat, Sana’a, Doha e Abu Dhabi, creando un vasto network regionale.

Somali Airlines was established on March 9th, 1964, in Mogadishu, in partnership with Alitalia. The first routes were domestic, while the first international flight was inaugurated in March 1965.

Around the end of the ’60s, Vickers Viscounts were progressively delivered, allowing a significant increase in capacity.

A major program of expansion of Somali Airlines’ network started in 1970, with the activation of flights to London and Rome, via Cairo, and in 1974 to Frankfurt, Jeddah and Djibouti. The flights to Muscat, Sana’a, Doha and Abu Dhabi were then added, creating a vast regional network.

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Vennero acquistati tra il 1975 ed il 1976 due Boeing 720, e successivamente nel 1980 due Boeing 707, seguiti introno alla metà degli anni ’80 da altri due acquistati dalla Lufthansa.

Nel 1977, il governo di Siad Barre, salito al potere nell’ottobre del 1969, decise di nazionalizzare la compagnia, trasferendone l’intera proprietà al governo della Somalia.

Between 1975 and 1976, two Boeing 720s were purchased by Somali Airlines, followed by two Boeing 707s in 1980. And in 1985, two additional former Lufthansa’s Boeing 707s were added to the fleet.

In 1977, the government of Siad Barre (who came to power in October 1969) decided to nationalize the airline, transferring the entire property to the Somali Ministry of Transport.

6O-saw

Amsterdam, 6 settembre 1978, Boeing 720-023B 6O-SAW (foto e © di Peter de Groot) – Amsterdam, September 6th 1978, Boeing 720-023B 6O-SAW (photo and © by Peter de Groot)

 

Nel 1978 entrò in servizio il primo Fokker F-27-600RF, incrementando la capacità a livello regionale della compagnia. Il 15 ottobre del 1987, la Somali Airlines ordinò un Airbus A-310-300, opzionandone un secondo. Questo ordine faceva parte di un più articolato piano di rilancio della compagnia, attraverso l’inserimento

di aerei moderni e soprattutto di servizi adeguati ad attrarre anche la clientela straniera.

In 1978 F-27-600RF entered into operational service, adding new capacity and increasing Somali Airline’s potential at the regional level. On October 15th 1987, Somali Airlines ordered an Airbus A-310-300, with an option for a second. This order was part of a more articulated plan to rebuild the image of the airline, with the introduction of modern planes and especially of an adequate in flight service to attract foreign clients.

A-310 OO-SCB Rolf Wallner - Roma Fiumicino 5 gennaio 1989

Roma Fiumicino, 5 gennaio 1989, Airbus A-310-222 OO-SCB (foto e © di Rolf Wallner) – Rome Fiumicino, January 5th 1989, Airbus A-310-222 OOSCB (photo and © by Rolf Wallner)

La crescente tensione in Somalia, unitamente alla pessima reputazione della compagnia dopo i ripetuti incidenti del maggio e dell’aprile del 1989, avevano seriamente compromesso la credibilità del vettore. Nel 1990 venne infine preso in leasing un Boeing 727, che entrò in servizio sulle rotte regionali.

Lo scoppio della guerra civile paralizzò nel 1991 l’attività della compagnia, che cessò definitivamente tutte le operazioni verso la fine dello stesso anno con il precipitare della situazione politica in Somalia, e successivamente alla distruzione di gran parte delle strutture aeroportuali.

Terminava così, dopo quasi ventotto anni, l’attività della Somali Airlines, trascinata nel baratro della guerra e della distruzione in cui piombò il paese.

The growing tension in Somalia, along with the bad reputation of the airline after the repeated crashes of May and April 1989, seriously undermined the credibility of the company. In 1990, a Boeing 727 was eventually leased to operate regional routes.

The outbreak of the civil war paralyzed the activities of the company in 1991, which ceased permanently all operations around the end of the same year with the deterioration of the political situation in Somalia, following the destruction of several airport facilities.

After almost twenty years, the activity of the Somali Airlines ended, dragged into the abyss of war and destruction into which the country was led.

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